- Majalis al Hikma
Surat al-Muzzammil: 4
And recite the Qur’an in ‘Tarteel’ (slow & rhythmic recitation)
The Quran Majeed was revealed in the month of Shehrullah al-Mo’azzam. Shehre Ramadan is described in the Qur’an first and foremost as the month in which the Qur’an was revealed: “Shehre Ramadān is the month in which the Qur’ān was revealed, a guidance for the people, and as clear proofs of the Guidance and the Criterion” (Shahru Ramadan allazi unzila fihil Qur’an hudan linnasi wa bayyinaatin minal huda wal furqaan – Surat al-Baqara: 185). Amirul Mumineen SA said, “the Quran is greater than all else, except Allah Ta’ala” (al-Qur’anu afdalu min kulli shay’in dun-Allah). Amirul Mumineen SA also said, “the Qur’an – its’ words are eloquent, and its’ meaning is deep” (al-Qur’anu zahiruhu aneeq wa baatinuhu ameeq).
Syedna al-Qadi al-Nu‘man asserts that the zahir of the Qur’an is a mu‘jiza (miracle) of the Prophet, whilst its’ batin, revealing its meanings, is the mu’jiza of the Imams. Just as no one other than the Prophet can bring the zahir, no one other than the Imams, who have been taught by the Prophet, can know and reveal the batin. Just as Rasulullah SA was the sole authority on what constituted the revealed text of the Qur’an, he was also the sole authority on the intended meaning of that text. The duty of his successors was to safeguard the literal text and reveal to mumineen in every age, facets of the endless depths of meaning in the Qur’an, relevant to their time. In the time of seclusion, that responsibility is fulfilled by the Da’i al-Mutlaq, who expounds the meanings of the Qur’an on the authority of Imam-uz-zaman SA.
Reciting the Qur’an and listening to its recitation is strongly encouraged, especially as Rasullulah always advised Moulana Ali to recite the Quran. Our Imam SA also said that when reciting the Qur’an our prayers are answered, and illnesses and forgetfulness are driven away. Allah Ta’ala promises to build a house in heaven for the one who sits in a masjid and recites the Qur’an. And our Imam also states, “one who recites the Qur’an shines for the people of the heavens just as the bright star shines for the people of the Earth.”
The beauty of the text is most appreciated when the Qur’an is recited out-loud and when every word and each letter is clearly enunciated according to the guidelines of tarteel. In the Qur’an itself, Allah Ta’ala instructs, “recite the Qur’an in tarteel” (see the ayat quoted above). Reciting with Tarteel is an art that takes years of training and practice to master. Tarteel is the Arabic word for reciting in slow, measured rhythmic tones— and entails reciting the Quran "in proper order" and "with no haste." Reciting with understanding is of also of prime importance in tarteel. Moulana Ali has said that, “the Qur’an should be recited clearly, without disturbances, but not hastily; one should appreciate its marvels, and endeavor to move one’s heart by it; no one should feel anxious to reach the end of the surah.” The Quran states that the listener should keep quiet and pay attention when the Qur’an is recited (Surat al-A’raaf:204).
It gives us great pleasure to present on this last Friday of Shehrullah the entire 30th Sipara recited in tarteel by Mukasir-o-Dawatil-Haqqil-Mubeen Syedi wa Maulaya Husain Bhaisaheb Burhanuddin AAB. Syedi Mukasir Saheb AAB is Haafizul Qur’an and with raza and doa of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA spent many years in Cairo, Egypt, where he learned tarteel from some of the most stalwart and well-known reciters. He had occasion to recite in the presence of Syedna Burhanuddin RA and also frequently in the presence of Syedna Qutbuddin TUS. Once after reciting in a grand majlis in front of Syedna Burhanuddin RA, he did qadambosi and Syedna Burhanuddin RA graciously said: “Ghanu achhu parhu.” He has also been invited to recite Qur’an at eminent conferences and functions by various universities and communities around the world, including the prestigious Qur’an Conference at the University of London. When in high school, with doa mubarak of Syedna Burhanuddin RA and Syedna Qutbuddin TUS, he stood first in a city-wide inter-school recitation competition in Cairo. He has received sabaq from Syedna Burhanuddin RA and Syedna Qutbuddin TUS about the meanings of the Qur’an. With their raza and doa, he has also received a doctorate degree (PhD) in 2009 from the University of Cambridge, UK, in the Qur’an and its interpretation according to the Fatimid Imams.
Syedi Mukasir Saheb’s AAB Qur’anic recitation is presented surah by surah here. It is available for MP3 download, as well as viewing with each surah’s respective Arabic text through YouTube videos.
Inshaallah more siparas and further updated videos with more material will be published soon.
We offer praise and thanks to Allah Ta’ala that we mumineen adhere to both the “word” (zahir) of the Qur’an and the “deep meanings” (batin), and that we adhere to the Qur’an saamit (lit. silent Qur’an – referring to the text of the Qur’an) and the Qur’an Natiq (lit. the speaking Qur’an).
Syedna al-Qadi al-Nu‘man also states that the one who is most knowledgeable of the zahir and ba’tin of the Qur’an is the most eligible to be elevated to the rank of da‘i for his people. Syedna Taher Saifuddin RA and Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA asserted Syedna Qutbuddin TUS’ ‘ilm and knowledge on many occasions. It is for this reason that Syedna Burhanuddin RA appointed Syedna Qutbuddin TUS as his mazoon and successor less than one month after the wafaat of Syedna Taher Saifuddin RA. In every waaz, sabaq and wasila Syedna Qutbuddin TUS does bayaan of the deep meanings of the Qur’an. We are fortunate to receive these barakaat. May Allah Ta’ala grant us the good fortune of seeking and receiving the ilm of Aale Mohammed from the true successor of Syedna Burhanuddin RA, and may we continue to pray Quran-e-Majeed with his guidance and doa.
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