This section presents translations of the du'as prayed when doing wuzu.

وَقُلِ الحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الّذِيْ لَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَ لَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ شَرِيْكٌ فِي المُلْكِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وَلِيٌّ مِنَ الذُّلِّ وَكَبِّرْهُ تَكْبِيْرَا

Say: All praise is for Allah who has not begotten a son, who has no partner sharing his kingdom, and who has no weakness and therefore no need of a protector; extol His greatness.

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّدًا رَسُولُ الله
اَشهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّدًا رَسُولُ الله

اَشهَدُ اَنَّ مَوْلَانَا عَلِيًّا وَلِيُّ الله
اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مَوْلَانَا عَلِيًّا وَلِيُّ الله

حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلوة حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلوة

حَيَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاح حَيّ َعَلَى الْفَلَاح

حَيَّ عَلَى خَيْرِ الْعَمَل حَيَّ عَلَى خَيْرِ الْعَمَل

مُحَمّدٌ وَعَلِيٌّ خَيْرُ الْبَشَر وَعِتْرَتُهُمَا خَيْرُ الْعِتَر

مُحَمّدٌ وَعَلِيٌّ خَيْرُ الْبَشَر وَعِتْرَتُهُمَا خَيْرُ الْعِتَر

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

Allah is great. Allah is great.

Allah is great. Allah is great.

I testify that there is no god but Allah.

I testify that there is no god but Allah.

I testify that Mohammad is Allah’s messenger.

I testify that Mohammad is Allah’s messenger.

I testify that Maulana Ali is Allah’s saint.

I testify that Maulana Ali is Allah’s saint.

Come to prayer. Come to prayer.

Come to success. Come to success.

Come to the best of deeds.

Come to the best of deeds.

Mohammad and Ali are the best of creation, and their progeny is the best progeny.
Mohammad and Ali are the best of creation, and their progeny is the best progeny.

Allah is great. Allah is great.

There is no god but Allah.

There is no god but Allah.

اَللّهُمَّ عَلَيْهَا اَحْيَى وَعَلَيْهَا اَمُوْتُ وَعَلَيْهَا اُبْعَثُ اِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ تَعَالى اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اَسْئَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدِّيْنِ وَالدُّنْيَا وَاْلاخِرَةِ اِنّكَ عَلىَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ.

Allah, by this [testimony-shahadat] I shall live, by it I shall die, and by it I shall be resurrected, Allah willing. Allah, I ask you for forgiveness and wellbeing in my religion, and in this world and the hereafter. You are powerful over all things.

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّدًا رَسُولُ الله
اَشهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّدًا رَسُولُ الله

حَيَّ عَلى الصَّلوة حَيَّ عَلى الصَّلوة

حَيَّ عَلى الْفَلَاح حَيَّ عَلى الْفَلَاح

حَيَّ عَلَى خَيْرِ الْعَمَل حَيَّ عَلَى خَيْرِ الْعَمَل

قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلوة قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلوة

اَللهُ اَكْبَر اَللهُ اَكْبَر

لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا الله

Allah is great. Allah is great.

Allah is great. Allah is great.

I testify that there is no god but Allah.

I testify that there is no god but Allah.

I testify that Mohammad is Allah’s messenger.

I testify that Mohammad is Allah’s messenger. 

Come to prayer. Come to prayer.

Come to success. Come to success.

 Come to the best of deeds.

Come to the best of deeds.

The prayer has begun.

The prayer has begun.

 Allah is great. Allah is great.

There is no god but Allah.

اللّهُمَّ رَبَّ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاةِ الْقَائِمَةِ اَعْطِ مُحَمَّدًا سُؤْلَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَبَلِّغْهُ الدَّرَجَةَ الْوَسِيْلَةَ مِنَ الْـجَنَّةِ وَتَقَبَّلْ شَفَاعَتَهُ فيِ اُمَّتِهِ وَاجْعَلْنِيْ مِنْ خَيرِ صَالِحِيْ اَهْلِهَا عَمَلاً.

Allah, lord of the perfect Dawat and the prayer—grant Mohammad what his desire is on Judgment Day; raise him to the station of access to heaven; accept his intercession in his community; and place me with those among them who perform the best deeds.

اُصَلِّيْ فَرْضَ صَلوةِ الْـمَغْرِبِ ثَلاَثَ رَكَعَاتٍ لِلهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ اَدَاءً مُسْتَقْبِلَ|مُسْتَقْبِلَةَ الْكَعْبَةِ الـْحَـرامِ اَللهُ اَكْبَرُ.

I pray the maghrib namaaz, three rakaats, for almighty Allah, facing in the direction of the Holy Kaaba. Allah is great.

وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَ السَّموَاتِ وَالاَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا مُسْلِمًا| حَنِيْفَةً مُسْلِمَةً وَمَا اَنَا مِنَ المُشْرِكِينَ اِنَّ صَلوتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلهِ رَبِّ اْلعَالَمِيْـنَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَالِكَ اُمِرْتُ وَاَناَ مِنَ المُسْلِمِيْـنَ عَلى مِلَّةِ اِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَدِيْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَوَلَايَةِ عَلِيٍّوَاَبْـرَأُ اِلَيْهِ مِنْ اَعْدَائِهِ الظَّالمِيْـنَ اَعُوذُ بِاللهِ السَّمِيْعِ الْعَلِيْمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ

I have turned my face towards the creator of the skies and earth. – and I am a Muslim believing in one Allah – toward the One who is the Creator of the skies and the earth, and I am not one of those who do shirk in Allah (consider Allah to have a partner) – Truly, my namaaz, my ibaadat, my living, my dying is for Allah, who is the Lord of all the worlds. He has no shareek (partner), this is what I have been commanded to do, and I am a Muslim. I practice the faith of Ibrahim Nabi (who was the ancestor of Rasulullah), the Deen of Mohammed (Rasulullah), the walaayat (spiritual love) of Maulana Ali and I dissociate myself completely from their tyrannical enemies.

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Glory and praise, to my great Lord.

سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْـحَمْدُ

Allah hears the prayer of one who praises him. O lord we praise you!

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الاَعْلَى وَتَعَالى

Glory to my Lord most high, lofty!

اَللّهُمَّ اغْفِرْلِيْ وَارْحَمْنِيْ وَاجْبُرْنِيْ وَارْفَعْنِي

Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, mend me, and raise me up!

الَلّهُمَّ اِنِّيْ بِحَوْلِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ اَقُوْمُ وَاَقْعُدُ

Allah, with your strength and vigor, I stand and sit

بِسْمِ اللهِ وَبِاللهِ وَالْـحَمْدُ لِلهِ وَاْلاَسْمَاءُ الْـحُسْنى كُلُّهَا لِلهِ اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَا اِلهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَاَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيِّكَ وَتَقَبَّلْ شَفَاعَتَهُ فِي اُمَّتِهِ وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلى اَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ الطَّاهِرِيْنَ

I start in the name of Allah, I beseech Allah's aid, and I praise Allah. The glorious names all belong to Allah. I testify that there is no Allah except Allah, alone, he has no partner. I testify that Mohammed is Allah's servant and messenger. Allah, bestow salawaat on your Prophet Mohammed, and accept his intercession for his community. Bestow salawaat on him and on his pure family, ahle bayt.

اَلتَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِِّبَاتُ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّاهِرَاتُ الزَّاكِيَاتُ النَّاعِمَاتُ السَّابِغَاتُ الْغَادِيَاتُالرَّائِحَاتُ للهِ مَا طَابَ وَخَلُصَ وَطَهُرَ وَنَمى وَصَفَى وَزَكَى فَلِلّهِ اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لاَ اِلهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَاَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ اَرْسَلَهُ بِالْهُدى وَدِيْنِ الْـحَقِّ بَشِيْرًا وَّنَذِيْـرًا بَيْـنَ يَدَيِ السَّاعَةِ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ اللهَ نِعْمَ الـرَّبُّ وَاَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا نِعْمَ الرَّسُوْلُ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُوْلَانَا عَلِيًّا نِعْمَ الْوَلِيُّ وَاَنَّ الْجنَّةَ حَقٌّ وَالنَّارَ حَقٌّ وَالْـمَوْتَ حَقٌّ وَالْبَعْثَ حَقٌّ وَالْمِيْزَانَ حَقٌّ وَالصِّرَاطَ حَقٌّ وَاَنَّ السَّاعَةَ اَتِيَةٌ لَا رَيْبَ فِيْهَا وَاَنَّ اللهَ يَبْعَثُ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلى الِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ وَسَلَّمْتَ عَلى اِبـْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلى الِ اِبـْرَاهِيْمَ اِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ اَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَـرَكَاتُهُ اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِـحِيْـنَ اَللّهُمَّ اغْفِرلِيْ وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَاَرْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِيْ صَغِيرًا اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَـرَكَاتُهُ اَلسَّلاُمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَـرَكَاتُهُ.

Genial greetings and pure, clean, gentle, perfect salawaat, morning and night, all for Allah. All that is genial, sincere, pure, increasing, wholesome and good belongs to Allah. I testify that there is no Allah except Allah, alone, He has no partner. I testify that Mohammed is Allah's servant and messenger; Allah sent him with right guidance and the true faith, a bringer of good tidings, and a warner befoer the Hour. I testify that Allah is the best lord. I testify that Mohammed is the best messenger. I testify that Maulana Ali is the best saint. I testify that heaven is true, hellfire is true, death is ture, resurrection is true, the Scales exist, the Path is true, the Hour is coming, no doubt about it, and Allah will resurrect those who have gone to their graves. Allah, bestow salawaat on Mohammed and Mohammed's progeny, just as you bestowed salawaat and salaam on Ibrahim and Ibrahim's progeny; you are the one praised, the noble. Salaam on you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and grace. Salaam on us and on all Allah's servants. Allah, grant your forgiveness to me and my parents; have mercy on them, for the nurtured me when I was little. [Right side:] Salaam on you and Allah's grace and mercy. [Left side:] Salaam on you and Allah's grace and mercy

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُوْنَ وَ سَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِيْنَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ وَ تَبَارَكَ اللهُ اَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِيْنَ لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ. رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا صَلَاتَنَا وَ دُعَاءَنَا يَا رَبَّنَا يَا مَْولَانَا اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ السَّمِيْعُ الْعَلِيْمُ وَلَا تَضْرِبْ بِهِمَا وُجُوْهَنَا يَا اِلهَ الْعَالَمِيْنَ وَ يَا خَيْرَ النَّاصِرِيْنَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِيْنَ. اَللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى الِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ بَارِكْ وَ سَلِّمْ.  

Glory to your lord, the Mighty Lord, free from the things they ascribe to Him, and salaams to the prophets. All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. Blessed is Allah, best of creators. There is no strength and no might save from Allah, Elevated, Great.
Lord, accept our prayers and supplications, O Lord, O Mawla, you are All hearing, All knowing. Do not throw them back at our faces, O God of the worlds, O Best of helpers. Be merciful, O merciful one.Oh Lord, my keeper, send your blessings upon Mohammed and the progeny of Mohammed, and shower them with barakaat and Salaam.

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اَتَقَّرَّّبُ اِلَيْكَ بِكَ وَ بِمَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِنِالْمُصْطَفَى نَبِيِّكَ وَ مَوْلَانَا عَلِيِّ نِ الْمُرْتَضَى اَسَاسِ الْاِمَامَةِ وَ وَصِيِّهِ وَ وَلِيِّكَ وَمَوْلَاتِنَا فَاطِمَةَ الزَّهْرَاءِ بِنْتِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ مَوْلَانَالْحَسَنِ وَ مَوْلَانَا الْحُسَيْنِ الْاِمَامَيْنِ سِبْطَيْ نَبِيِّك. وَ مَوْلَانَا عَلِيِّ بِنِ الْحُسَيْنِ زَيْنِ الْعَابِدِيْنَ وَ مَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ نِ الْبَاقِرِ عُلُومَ الدِّيْنِ وَ مَوْلَانَا جَعْفَرِبْنِ مُحَمّدِنِ الصَّادِقِ الْاَمِيْنِ وَ مَوْلَانَا اِسْمَعِيْلَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ سُلَالَةِ الْغُرِّالْمَيَامِيْنِ وَ مَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِبْنِ اِسْمَعِيْلَ سَابِعِ الْمُتِمِّيْنَ وِ بِالْاَئِمَّةِ  الطَّاهِرِيْنَ الثَّلَاثَةِالْمَسْتُوْرِيْنَ اُمَرَآءِالْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ مَوْلَانَا عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَمَوْلَانَا اَحْمَدَبْنِ عَبْدُ اللهِ وَمَوْلَانَا الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ اَحْمَدَ وَ بِالْقَائِمِيْنَ مِنْْ نَسْلِهِمْ وَالْمُنْسَلِّيْنَ مِنْ اَعْقَابِهِمْ اَرْبَابِ الظُّهُوْرِ وَ اَلْبَابِ الدُّهُوْرِ وَ الْعُلَمَاءِ بِخَفِيَّاتِ الْاُمُوْرِ مَوْلَانَا عَبْدِ اللهِ الْاِمَامِ الْمِهْدِيِّ بِكَ وَ مَوْلَانَا مُحَمَّدِنِ الْقَائِمِ بِاَمْرِكَوَ مَوْلَانَا اِسْمَعِيْلَ الْمَنْصُوْرِ بِنَصْرِكَ وَمَوْلَانَا مَعَدِّنِ الْمُعِزِّ لِدِيْنِكَ وَ مَوْلَانَا نِزَارِنِ الْعَزِيْزِ بِكَ وَ مَوْلَانَالْحُسَيْنِ الْحَاكِمِ بِاَمْرِكَ وَ مَوْلَانَا عَلِيِّ نِ الظَّاهِرِ لِِاِعْزَازِ دِيْنِكَ وَ مَوْلَا نَا مَعَدِّنِ الْمُسْتَنْصِرِ بِكَ وَ مَوْلَا نَا اَحْمَدَالْمُسْتَعْلِيْ بِسُلْطَانِ كَلِمَاتِكَ، وَ مَوْلَانَاالْمَنْصُوْرِاَبِيْ عَلِيِّ نِ الْاَمِرِ بِاَحْكَامِكَ وَ بِسَابِعِ الْاَشْهَادِ كَعْبَةِ الرُّكَّعِ السُّجَّادِ مَوْلَانَا الْاِمَامِ الطَّيِّبِ اَبِي  الْقَاسِمِ اَمِيْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ عَلَى اَبَائِهِ الطَّاهِرِيْنَ وَ اَبْنَائِهِ الْاَكْرَمِيْنَ الْمُنْتَظَرِيْنَ اِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّيْنِ. اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اَتَقَرَّبُ اِلَيْكَ بِهِمْ وَاَتَوَالَاهُمْ وَ اَبْرَءُ اِلَيْكَ مِنْ اَعْدَائِهِمْ. اَللَّهُمَّ احْشُرْنِيْ مَعَهُمْ وَ ثَبِّتْنِيْ عَلَى طَاعَتِهِمْ وَاجْعَلْنِيْ بِهِمْ عِنْدَكَ وَجِيْهًا وَ سَعِيْدًا فِيْ الدُّنْيَا وَالْاَ خِرَةِ وَ مِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِيْنَ. اَشْهَدُ اَللَّهُمَّ بِحَقَائِقِ  الْاِخْلَاصِ وَ صِدْقِ الْيَقِيْنِ اَنَّهُمْ خُلَفَاءُكَ فِيْ اَرْضِكَ وَ حُجَجُكَ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ وَالْوَسَائِلُ اِلَيْكَ وَ اَبْوَابُ رَحْمَتِكَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِمْ اَجْمَعِيْنَ.

Allah, I seek to come close to you through you, and through Mawlana Mohammad Mustafa, your Prophet, and Mawlana Ali Murtaza, foundation of the imamate, his wasi, and your wali, and Mawlatuna Fatema Zahra, your Prophet’s daughter, and Mawlana Hasan and Mawlana Husain, Imams and grandsons of your Prophet; and Mawlana Ali ibn al-Husain Zain ul Aabedeen, and Mawlana Mohammad ul Baqir , and Mawlana Ja’far us Sadiq, and Mawlana Ismail, and Mawlana Mohammad al-Shakir, seventh of the Mutimmeen (first seven imams, first ‘saatra’); and through the three pure concealed Imams, commanders of the faithful, Amir ul Mumineen, Mawlana Abdullah, Mawlana Ahmad, and Mawlana Husain; and through the Imams in their line, descended from their loins, lords of zuhoor, essences of the eons, Mawlana Mahdi, Mawlana Qa’im, Mawlana Mansur, Mawlana Moiz, Mawlana Aziz, Mawlana Hakim, Mawlana Zahir, Mawlana Mustansir, Mawlana Mustali, and Mawlana Amir; and through the seventh of the Ashhaad (third ‘saatra’), Ka’ba for those who bow down in ruku’ and sajda, Mawlana Imam Tayyeb Abi l-Qasim Amir ul Mumineen. Bestow salawaat on him, and on his pure forefathers and noble progeny, awaited until the Day of Judgment.

Allah, I seek to come close to you through them, I bear allegiance, walayat, for them, and I disassociate from their enemies. Allah, raise me in the afterlife with them, keep me firm upon the path of obedience to them, and make me, through their sanctity, happy and esteemed in this world and the hereafter, and among those who have been brought close.

I bear witness, Allah, with true sincerity and heartfelt conviction, that they are your vicegerents, khalifas, on your earth, your proofs, hujjats, over your creation, and channels to you, and doors to your mercy. Bestow your salawaat upon them all.

اَللَّهُمَ اِنَّ هَذَا دَاعِيْ اَلِ مُحَمَّدِ نِ الطَّاهِرِيْنَ الذِّيْنَ اَتَا هُمُ اللهُ الْكِتَابَ وَ الْحِكْمَةَ وَ اَتَا هُمْ مُلْكًا عَظِيْمًا وَ جَعَلَ دُرَّ اِمَامَتِهِمْ فِيْ سِلْكِ النَّصِّ نَظِيْمًا وَ هُوَ عِصْمَةُ الَّلائِذِيْنَ وَ كَهْفُ  الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ سَيِّدُنَا وَ مَوْلَانَا اَبُوْ خُزَيْمَة طاَهِر فَخْرُ الدِّين فَاَطِلِ اللَّهُمَّ عُمْرَهُ وَ اَعْلِ اَمْرَهُ وَ اَتِهِ مِنْ لَدُنْكَ سُلْطَانًا نَصِيْرًا وَافْتَحْ لَهُ فَتْحًا يَسِيْرًا وَ رَاعِهِ بِعَيْنِكَ وَاحْمِهِ بِحِفْظِكَ وَ اجْعَلْنَا لَهُ سَامِعِيْنَ مُطِيْعِيْنَ وَ فِيْ رِضَاهُ سَاعِيْنَ بِحَقِّ سِيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَلِهِ الطَّاهِرِيْنَ صلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِمْ اَجْمَعِيْنَ.(الفاتحة)

Allah, this is the Dai of the pure Aale Mohammad, Imams to whom you have bestowed the Book and wisdom, bequeathed a great kingdom, and strung the pearls of their Imamate in the pearl-string of the Nass. He is succor for refuge-seekers, a sheltering cave for believers, Syedna wa-Mawlana Abu Khuzaima Taher Fakhruddin. Lengthen his lifespan, Allah, raise high his state, bestow on him your support and authority, grant him an easy victory, watch over him with your eyes, safeguard him with your protection, make us obedient to him, and help us strive to attain his happiness. We ask this in the name of Syedna Mohammad and his pure progeny, your salawaat upon them all.

Al-Fateha (recite Surat al Fatiha—Surat al-Hamd—and araz its sawaab to the Dai z zamaan)